Speech therapy interventions in SLD – WRITING

Diagnosis and treatment according to the recommendations of the Consensus Conference

Product: Book

Trim size in cm: 17x24cm

Pages: 374

ISBN: 978-88-590-0326-7

Publication date: 01/09/2013


The «Speech therapy in childhood and adolescence» series continues with this book on writing, which aims to provide a general overview of the problems associated with learning.
The book is written for speech therapists but – like all the books in the series – through a multi-professional approach also reaches out to and involves all those specialists who deal with learning disorders, both at a diagnostic and therapeutic level.
Therefore, the book offers contributions from various professional figures and reinforces the need  — which is also ratified by new legislation on the matter — to approach specific problems using an interdisciplinary team approach.
Speech therapy in SLD – Writing is divided into four parts. After in-depth analysis of the cognitive processes and the interpretive models involved in the process of writing, as well as the IT tools connected to it, disorders related to the written code are focused on: how to recognise them, prevent them, diagnose them and treat them.

Presentation of the «Speech therapy in childhood and adolescence» series
(Luigi Marotta and Tiziana Rossetto)

Introduction (Anna Giulia De Cagno, Itala Riccardi Ripamonti and Enrico Savelli)

PART ONE    Writing
Chap. 1   Cognitive processes in learning how to write: a key to understanding written code learning disorders (Alberto Martini)
Chap. 2    Interpretation models in learning how to write (Laura Breda)
Chap. 3   Teaching writing: teaching methods compared (Maddalena Vitali)
Chap. 4    Writing in the digital age (Luca Grandi and Alessandra Luci)

PART TWO   Recognising prognostic indicators and preventing writing difficulties
Chap. 5    Preventing writing difficulties (Itala Riccardi Ripamonti)
Chap. 6    Support screening and training activities in the educational and school field (Anna Giulia De Cagno and Ilaria Ceccarelli)

PART THREE     Assessment and diagnosis 
Chap. 7    Assessment of specific writing disorders in light of the Consensus Conference (Enrico Savelli and Stefania Zoia)

The "Speech Therapy in childhood and adolescence" series

Edited by Luigi Marotta, in collaboration with the FLI – Federation of Italian Speech Therapists

A series for disseminating knowledge on interventions in developmental disorders using an evidence-based scientific approach.

It targets speech therapists but in actual fact is of interest to all those who work in rehabilitation, due to its inter-disciplinary spirit and multiprofessional approach.


The series, in light of cultural changes introduced by EBM, aims to include contributions from those who, through training and experience, are involved on a daily basis in speech therapy interventions in developmental disorders, as part of an inter-disciplinary team caring for these children. The intent is to offer a panorama of rehabilitation proposals for different development profiles, together with a general overview of the various problems, offering new insights or conceptual redefinitions, consolidated approaches or more original initiatives, supported by recognised, plausible models of theoretical reference.

All the books are characterised by an attempt to combine deliberation and enthusiasm, giving space both to contributions from leading clinicians who have been working in the field of developmental disorders for years and from young professionals who are passionately and enthusiastically building their own experiences.

The books are extremely practical in nature, with a presentation of diagnostic criteria, agreed assessment protocols, intervention techniques and clinical cases.

The approach is based on the «biopsychosocial» model, with close attention paid to the child as a person, and to the environment where they live, as well as to neuropsychological correlations.

The series «Speech therapy in childhood and adolescence» is and always will be open to contributions from all those who work with children and adolescents, as the composition of the Scientific Board proves, numbering, in addition to speech therapists of long-standing experience, up and coming young professionals and experts from other disciplines such as psychologists, child neuropsychiatrists, nose, ear and throat specialists and pedagogists.



Rehabilitation programmes

Rehabilitation intervention manuals, which are extremely practical in nature and always evidence based.


Over the last few years speech therapists' areas of interest within the field of developmental disorders have multiplied and changed, requiring ever more specialised competences. What is more, the number of children born in disadvantageous conditions is still high. These children manifest pathologies which can alter cognitive and neuropsychological development and can no longer simply be classified as what was once known as «cognitive deficit» (even mental retardation) or «language deficit» or «reading and writing disorder» etc. 

Instead these children manifest complex, differing pathologies, although in many cases with comorbidity among them: pathologies which go from specific language or learning disorders to memory and attention disorders, from the effects of connatal or acquired brain lesions, to those of other pathologies, like for example epilepsy or infections from HIV or from treatment with certain medicines.

So what are the best intervention practices, what assessment criteria for appropriacy, efficiency and effectiveness should be used and how should outcomes be measured? The terms appropriacy, good practice, effectiveness indicators, multiprofessional team and so on, are all used on a daily basis by rehabilitators, often mainly to make us feel better and demonstrate our ability to recognise the transformations that the Italian Health System has undergone in the last ten years.


Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) has revolutionised the scientific world, as much in practice as in theory. From self-referential medicine, based on the experience and trends of the luminaries, we have moved over to science where proof and scientific evidence count.

A revolution which certainly happened for economic reasons as well, but one that has profoundly changed both principles and tendencies in the complex world of rehabilitation. EBM is, in fact, a cultural movement which quickly spread at an international level, due to the many phenomena which marked the evolution of the methodology of clinical research and scientific information. One of its main objectives was to question the dogmas dictated by traditional models of medicine, liberating health workers from the authority of the opinion leaders, as was once the custom, and offering them the chance to independently and critically assess the quality and validity of their own clinical choices, using experimental and bibliographical data to decide.